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Wisconsin is a U.S. state located in the north-central United States, in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions. It is bordered by Minnesota to the west, Iowa to the southwest, Illinois to the south, Lake Michigan to the east, Michigan to the northeast, and Lake Superior to the north. Wisconsin is the 23rd largest state by total area and the 20th most populous. The state capital is Madison, and its largest city is Milwaukee, which is located on the western shore of Lake Michigan. The state's oldest city is Green Bay, and its oldest incorporated village is Sauk City. The state is divided into 72 counties.

Wisconsin's geography is diverse, with the Northern Highland and Western Upland along with a part of the Central Plain occupying the western part of the state and lowlands stretching to the shore of Lake Michigan. Wisconsin is second to Michigan in the length of its Great Lakes coastline.

Wisconsin is known as "America's Dairyland" because it is one of the nation's leading dairy producers, particularly famous for cheese. Manufacturing, especially paper products, information technology (IT), and tourism are also major contributors to the state's economy.


The Little White Schoolhouse, birthplace of the Republican Party

Wisconsin geographic regions

Wisconsin State Capitol

Milwaukee at night

Downtown Green Bay


Population Statistics

Census Counts (April 1)
20105,686,986201.84 %308,745,538
20005,363,675181.91 %281,421,906
19904,891,954161.97 %248,790,925
19804,705,767162.08 %226,545,805
2000 to 2010 % change6.0 %349.7 %
1990 to 2010 % change16.3 %3224.1 %
1980 to 2010 % change20.9 %2936.3 %

Components of Population Change in 2014NumberRankPercent of U.S.U.S.
Net Domestic Migration-9,93137
Net International Migration6,550270.66 %995,944
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)19,133201.40 %1,363,581
Births66,735211.69 %3,957,577
Deaths47,602201.84 %2,593,996

Economy Statistics

Real Gross Domestic Product by State over Time (millions of chained 2009 dollars)Adj. Amount
RankChange Index
(YR 2009=100)
Change 2010 to 201416,151176.562

Per Capita Personal IncomeNumberRankPercent of U.S.
Per Capita Income - 2014$44,5852796.7 %
Per Capita Income - 2004 (adj. for inflation)$41,8492497.4 %
Per Capita Income - 1994 (adj. for inflation)$34,4242396.6 %
Per Capita Income - 1984 (adj. for inflation)$29,8762695.0 %
10-Year % Change6.5 %31
20-Year % Change29.5 %32
30-Year % Change49.2 %30