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New Jersey

New Jersey is a state in the Northeastern and Middle Atlantic regions of the United States. It is bordered on the north and east by New York, on the southeast and south by the Atlantic Ocean, on the west by Pennsylvania, and on the southwest by Delaware. New Jersey is the fourth-smallest state, but the 11th-most populous and the most densely populated of the 50 United States. New Jersey lies entirely within the combined statistical areas of New York City and Philadelphia. It is also the second-wealthiest U.S. state by median household income, according to the 2008–2012 American Community Survey.

The area was inhabited by Native Americans for more than 2,800 years, with historical tribes such as the Lenape along the coast. In the early 17th century, the Dutch and the Swedes made the first European settlements. The English later seized control of the region, naming it the Province of New Jersey. It was granted as a colony to Sir George Carteret and John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton. At this time, it was named after the largest of the Channel IslandsJersey, Carteret's birthplace.

New Jersey was the site of several decisive battles during the American Revolutionary War.

In the 19th century, factories in cities such as CamdenPatersonNewarkTrenton, and Elizabeth helped to drive the Industrial Revolution. New Jersey's geographic location at the center of the Northeast megalopolis, between Boston and New York City to the northeast, and PhiladelphiaBaltimore, and Washington, D.C., to the southwest, fueled its rapid growth through the process of suburbanization in the 1950s and beyond.


A monument marking the highest natural point in New Jersey

New Jersey population distribution map

The New Jersey Palisades, which overlook the Hudson River


Population Statistics

Census Counts (April 1)
20108,791,894112.85 %308,745,538
20008,414,35092.99 %281,421,906
19907,747,75093.11 %248,790,925
19807,364,82393.25 %226,545,805
2000 to 2010 % change4.5 %389.7 %
1990 to 2010 % change13.5 %3624.1 %
1980 to 2010 % change19.4 %3236.3 %

Components of Population Change in 2014NumberRankPercent of U.S.U.S.
Net Domestic Migration-55,46949
Net International Migration51,62655.18 %995,944
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)31,741122.33 %1,363,581
Births103,440122.61 %3,957,577
Deaths71,699112.76 %2,593,996

Economy Statistics
Real Gross Domestic Product by State over Time (millions of chained 2009 dollars)Adj. Amount
RankChange Index
(YR 2009=100)
Change 2010 to 201414,710193.034

Per Capita Personal IncomeNumberRankPercent of U.S.
Per Capita Income - 2014$56,8074123.1 %
Per Capita Income - 2004 (adj. for inflation)$53,9793125.6 %
Per Capita Income - 1994 (adj. for inflation)$44,0773123.8 %
Per Capita Income - 1984 (adj. for inflation)$37,6094119.5 %
10-Year % Change5.2 %35
20-Year % Change28.9 %33
30-Year % Change51.0 %25