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Montana is a state in the Western United States. The state's name is derived from the Spanish word montaña (mountain). Montana has several nicknames, although none official, including "Big Sky Country" and "The Treasure State", and slogans that include "Land of the Shining Mountains" and more recently "The Last Best Place". Montana is ranked 4th in size, but 44th in population and 48th in population density of the 50 United States. The western third of Montana contains numerous mountain ranges. Smaller island ranges are found throughout the state. In total, 77 named ranges are part of the Rocky Mountains.

The economy is primarily based on agriculture, including ranching and cereal grain farming. Other significant economic activities include oil, gas, coal and hard rock mining, lumber, and the fastest-growing sector, tourism. The health care, service, and government sectors also are significant to the state's economy. Millions of tourists annually visit Glacier National Park, the Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument, and Yellowstone National Park.


Glacier National Park

A terrain map of Montana

Buffalo grazing in Montana


Population Statistics

Census Counts (April 1)
2010989,415440.32 %308,745,538
2000902,195440.32 %281,421,906
1990799,065440.32 %248,790,925
1980786,690440.35 %226,545,805
2000 to 2010 % change9.7 %219.7 %
1990 to 2010 % change23.8 %2124.1 %
1980 to 2010 % change25.8 %2436.3 %

Components of Population Change in 2014NumberRankPercent of U.S.U.S.
Net Domestic Migration4,55015
Net International Migration766490.08 %995,944
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)3,154440.23 %1,363,581
Births12,243430.31 %3,957,577
Deaths9,089440.35 %2,593,996

Economy Statistics
Real Gross Domestic Product by State over Time (millions of chained 2009 dollars)Adj. Amount
RankChange Index
(YR 2009=100)
Change 2010 to 20143,027378.539

Per Capita Personal IncomeNumberRankPercent of U.S.
Per Capita Income - 2014$40,6013688.0 %
Per Capita Income - 2004 (adj. for inflation)$35,2314382.0 %
Per Capita Income - 1994 (adj. for inflation)$28,7364680.7 %
Per Capita Income - 1984 (adj. for inflation)$26,4694084.1 %
10-Year % Change15.2 %8
20-Year % Change41.3 %8
30-Year % Change53.4 %22