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Minnesota is a state in the Midwestern United States. Minnesota was admitted as the 32nd state on May 11, 1858, created from the eastern half of the Minnesota Territory. Its name comes from the Dakota word for "clear blue water". Owing to its large number of lakes, the state is informally known as the "Land of 10,000 Lakes". Its official motto is L'Étoile du Nord (FrenchStar of the North).

Minnesota is the 12th largest in area and the 21st most populous of the U.S. States; nearly 60 percent of its residents live in the Minneapolis–Saint Paul metropolitan area (known as the "Twin Cities"), the center of transportation, business, industry, education, and government and home to an internationally known arts community. The remainder of the state consists of western prairies now given over to intensive agriculture; deciduous forests in the southeast, now partially cleared, farmed and settled; and the less populated North Woods, used for mining, forestry, and recreation.

Minnesota is known for its idiosyncratic social and political orientations and its high rate of civic participation and voter turnout. Until European settlement, Minnesota was inhabited by the Dakota and Ojibwe/Anishinaabe. The large majority of the original European settlers immigrated from Scandinavia and Germany, and the state remains a center of Scandinavian American and German American culture. In recent decades, immigration from Asia, the Horn of Africa, and Latin America has expanded its demographic and cultural composition. Minnesota's standard of living index is among the highest in the United States, and the state is also among the best-educated and wealthiest in the nation.


A map of Minnesota's population distribution

The Minnesota State Capitol in Saint Paul

Eagle Mountain, the tallest natural point in Minnesota


Population Statistics

Census Counts (April 1)
20105,303,925211.72 %308,745,538
20004,919,479211.75 %281,421,906
19904,375,665201.76 %248,790,925
19804,075,970211.80 %226,545,805
2000 to 2010 % change7.8 %269.7 %
1990 to 2010 % change21.2 %2324.1 %
1980 to 2010 % change30.1 %2236.3 %

Components of Population Change in 2014NumberRankPercent of U.S.U.S.
Net Domestic Migration-6,69633
Net International Migration14,002181.41 %995,944
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)29,254132.15 %1,363,581
Births68,982201.74 %3,957,577
Deaths39,728251.53 %2,593,996

Economy Statistics
Real Gross Domestic Product by State over Time (millions of chained 2009 dollars)Adj. Amount
RankChange Index
(YR 2009=100)
Change 2010 to 201418,740157.210

Per Capita Personal IncomeNumberRankPercent of U.S.
Per Capita Income - 2014$48,71116105.6 %
Per Capita Income - 2004 (adj. for inflation)$46,22111107.5 %
Per Capita Income - 1994 (adj. for inflation)$36,74516103.2 %
Per Capita Income - 1984 (adj. for inflation)$32,46916103.2 %
10-Year % Change5.4 %34
20-Year % Change32.6 %25
30-Year % Change50.0 %26