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Maine is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and south; New Hampshire to the west; and the Canadian provinces of Quebec to the northwest and New Brunswick to the northeast. Maine is both the northernmost and easternmost portion of New England. It is known for its scenery—its jagged, mostly rocky coastline, low, rolling mountains, heavily forested interior, and picturesque waterways—as well as for its seafood cuisine, especially lobster and clams. Maine is the northernmost U.S. state with an Atlantic coastline, but in spite of its maritime position, it has a continental climate even in coastal cities such as its largest city Portland.

For thousands of years, indigenous peoples were the only inhabitants of the territory that is now Maine. At the time of European encounter, several Algonquian-speaking peoples inhabited the area. The first European settlement in Maine was by the French in 1604 on Saint Croix Island, by Pierre Dugua, Sieur de Mons. The first English settlement in Maine, the short-lived Popham Colony, was established by the Plymouth Company in 1607. A number of English settlements were established along the coast of Maine in the 1620s, although the rugged climate, deprivations, and conflict with the local peoples caused many to fail over the years.

As Maine entered the 18th century, only a half dozen European settlements had survived. Patriot and Loyalist forces contended for Maine's territory during the American Revolution and the War of 1812. Maine was part of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts until 1820 when it voted to secede from Massachusetts. On March 15, 1820, it was admitted to the Union as the 23rd state under the Missouri Compromise. Maine is the 39th most extensive and the 41st most populous of the 50 United States. With respect to crime rates, Maine is also often considered the safest state in the U.S.


Mt. Katahdin, the tallest in Maine

The Maine State Capitol in Augusta

Portland, the most populous city in Maine


Population Statistics

Census Counts (April 1)
20101,328,361410.43 %308,745,538
20001,274,923400.45 %281,421,906
19901,227,928380.49 %248,790,925
19801,124,660380.50 %226,545,805
2000 to 2010 % change4.2 %409.7 %
1990 to 2010 % change8.2 %4224.1 %
1980 to 2010 % change18.1 %3436.3 %

Components of Population Change in 2014NumberRankPercent of U.S.U.S.
Net Domestic Migration53121
Net International Migration1,377460.14 %995,944
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-47550-0.03 %1,363,581
Births12,662410.32 %3,957,577
Deaths13,137390.51 %2,593,996

Economy Statistics
Real Gross Domestic Product by State over Time (millions of chained 2009 dollars)Adj. Amount
RankChange Index
(YR 2009=100)
Change 2010 to 2014-15750-0.311

Per Capita Personal IncomeNumberRankPercent of U.S.
Per Capita Income - 2014$42,0713291.2 %
Per Capita Income - 2004 (adj. for inflation)$39,7463192.5 %
Per Capita Income - 1994 (adj. for inflation)$31,2333687.7 %
Per Capita Income - 1984 (adj. for inflation)$26,4943884.2 %
10-Year % Change5.8 %33
20-Year % Change34.7 %18
30-Year % Change58.8 %10