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Kansas is a U.S. state located in the Midwestern United States. It is named after the Kansa Native American tribe which inhabited the area. The tribe's name (natively kką:ze) is often said to mean "people of the wind" or "people of the south wind," although this was probably not the term's original meaning. Residents of Kansas are called "Kansans". For thousands of years, what is now Kansas was home to numerous and diverse Native American tribes. Tribes in the Eastern part of the state generally lived in villages along the river valleys. Tribes in the Western part of the state were semi-nomadic and hunted large herds of bison. Kansas was first settled by European Americans in the 1830s, but the pace of settlement accelerated in the 1850s, in the midst of political wars over the slavery issue.

When it was officially opened to settlement by the U.S. government in 1854, abolitionist Free-Staters from New England and pro-slavery settlers from neighboring Missouri rushed to the territory to determine whether Kansas would become a free state or a slave state. Thus, the area was a hotbed of violence and chaos in its early days as these forces collided, and was known as Bleeding Kansas. The abolitionists eventually prevailed and on January 29, 1861, Kansas entered the Union as a free state. After the Civil War, the population of Kansas grew rapidly when waves of immigrants turned the prairie into farmland. Today, Kansas is one of the most productive agricultural states, producing high yields of cornwheatsorghum, and sunflowers. Kansas is the 15th most extensive and the 34th most populous of the 50 United States.


The Kansas countryside

Map of Kansas

Kansas City, Kansas


Population Statistics

Census Counts (April 1)
20102,853,118330.92 %308,745,538
20002,688,418320.96 %281,421,906
19902,477,588321.00 %248,790,925
19802,363,679321.04 %226,545,805
2000 to 2010 % change6.1 %339.7 %
1990 to 2010 % change15.2 %3424.1 %
1980 to 2010 % change20.7 %3036.3 %

Components of Population Change in 2014NumberRankPercent of U.S.U.S.
Net Domestic Migration-13,80439
Net International Migration5,947300.60 %995,944
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)15,978241.17 %1,363,581
Births40,001301.01 %3,957,577
Deaths24,023330.93 %2,593,996

Economy Statistics
Real Gross Domestic Product by State over Time (millions of chained 2009 dollars)Adj. Amount
RankChange Index
(YR 2009=100)
Change 2010 to 20146,928315.677

Per Capita Personal IncomeNumberRankPercent of U.S.
Per Capita Income - 2014$45,5462498.7 %
Per Capita Income - 2004 (adj. for inflation)$40,0762893.2 %
Per Capita Income - 1994 (adj. for inflation)$33,9212495.2 %
Per Capita Income - 1984 (adj. for inflation)$31,0541998.7 %
10-Year % Change13.6 %11
20-Year % Change34.3 %19
30-Year % Change46.7 %35