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Hawaii is the 50th and most recent state to join the United States, having joined on August 21, 1959. Hawaii is the only U.S. state located in Oceania and the only one composed entirely of islands. It is the northernmost island group in Polynesia, occupying most of an archipelago in the central Pacific Ocean. Hawaii is the only U.S. state not located in the Americas. The state does not observe daylight saving time.

The state encompasses nearly the entire volcanic Hawaiian archipelago, which comprises hundreds of islands spread over 1,500 miles (2,400 km). At the southeastern end of the archipelago, the eight main islands are—in order from northwest to southeast:Niʻihau, Kauaʻi, Oʻahu, Molokaʻi, Lānaʻi, Kahoʻolawe, Maui and the Island of Hawaiʻi. The last is the largest island in the group; it is often called the "Big Island" or "Hawaiʻi Island" to avoid confusion with the state or archipelago. The archipelago is physiographically and ethnologically part of the Polynesian subregion of Oceania.

Hawaii's diverse natural scenery, warm tropical climate, abundance of public beaches, oceanic surroundings, and active volcanoes make it a popular destination for tourists, surfers, biologists, and volcanologists. Because of its central location in the Pacific and 19th-century labor migration, Hawaii's culture is strongly influenced by North American and Asian cultures, in addition to its indigenous Hawaiian culture. Hawaii has over a million permanent residents, along with many visitors and U.S. military personnel. Its capital is Honolulu on the island of Oʻahu.

Hawaii is the 8th-smallest and the 11th-least populous, but the 13th-most densely populated of the fifty U.S. states. It is the only state with an Asian plurality. The state's coastline is about 750 miles (1,210 km) long, the fourth longest in the U.S. after the coastlines of Alaska, Florida and California.


Waimea Canyon, Kauai, known as the "Grand Canyon of the Pacific"

Hawaii Volcanoes National Park

Akaka Falls on Hawaii Island

Honolulu, Oahu, the most populous city in Hawaii

USS Arizona Memorial in Pearl Harbor


Population Statistics

Census Counts (April 1)
20101,360,301400.44 %308,745,538
20001,211,537420.43 %281,421,906
19901,108,229410.45 %248,790,925
1980964,691390.43 %226,545,805
2000 to 2010 % change12.3 %179.7 %
1990 to 2010 % change22.7 %2224.1 %
1980 to 2010 % change41.0 %1936.3 %

Components of Population Change in 2014NumberRankPercent of U.S.U.S.
Net Domestic Migration-5,14131
Net International Migration8,591230.86 %995,944
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)7,643380.56 %1,363,581
Births19,125400.48 %3,957,577
Deaths11,482410.44 %2,593,996

Economy Statistics
Real Gross Domestic Product by State over Time (millions of chained 2009 dollars)Adj. Amount
RankChange Index
(YR 2009=100)
Change 2010 to 20143,621355.547

Per Capita Personal IncomeNumberRankPercent of U.S.
Per Capita Income - 2014$46,39621100.6 %
Per Capita Income - 2004 (adj. for inflation)$42,3792198.6 %
Per Capita Income - 1994 (adj. for inflation)$39,6918111.4 %
Per Capita Income - 1984 (adj. for inflation)$33,9709108.0 %
10-Year % Change9.5 %21
20-Year % Change16.9 %48
30-Year % Change36.6 %46