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Georgia is a state located in the southeastern United States. It was established in 1732, the last of the original Thirteen Colonies. Named after King George II of Great Britain, Georgia was the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution, on January 2, 1788. It declared its secession from the Union on January 19, 1861, and was one of the original seven Confederate states. It was the last state to be restored to the Union, on July 15, 1870. Georgia is the 24th largest and the 8th most populous of the 50 United States. From 2007 to 2008, 14 of Georgia's counties ranked among the nation's 100 fastest-growing, second only to Texas. Georgia is known as the Peach State and the Empire State of the SouthAtlanta is the state's capital and its most populous city.

Georgia is bordered on the south by Florida, on the east by the Atlantic Ocean and South Carolina, on the west by Alabama, and on the north by Tennessee and North Carolina. The northern part of the state is in the Blue Ridge Mountains, part of the Appalachian Mountains system. The Piedmont extends through the central part of the state from the foothills of the Blue Ridge to the Fall Line, where the rivers cascade down in elevation to the coastal plain of the southern part of the state. The highest point in Georgia is Brasstown Bald at 4,784 feet (1,458 m) above sea level; the lowest point is the Atlantic Ocean. Georgia is the largest state east of the Mississippi River in land area, although it is the fourth largest (after Michigan, Florida, and Wisconsin) in total area, including expanses of water that are part of state territory.


The Chattahoochee River, a major river in Georgia

Map of elevations in Georgia

An alligator in Okefenokee Swamp, Georgia

The Georgia State Capitol in Atlanta

Downtown Savannah. Savannah is the oldest city in Georgia


Population Statistics

Census Counts (April 1)
20109,687,65393.14 %308,745,538
20008,186,453102.91 %281,421,906
19906,478,149112.60 %248,790,925
19805,463,105132.41 %226,545,805
2000 to 2010 % change18.3 %79.7 %
1990 to 2010 % change49.5 %624.1 %
1980 to 2010 % change77.3 %536.3 %

Components of Population Change in 2014NumberRankPercent of U.S.U.S.
Net Domestic Migration22,10611
Net International Migration24,818112.49 %995,944
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)53,83243.95 %1,363,581
Births129,38983.27 %3,957,577
Deaths75,557102.91 %2,593,996

Economy Statistics
Real Gross Domestic Product by State over Time (millions of chained 2009 dollars)Adj. Amount
RankChange Index
(YR 2009=100)
Change 2010 to 201427,681116.816

Per Capita Personal IncomeNumberRankPercent of U.S.
Per Capita Income - 2014$39,0974184.8 %
Per Capita Income - 2004 (adj. for inflation)$39,4873391.9 %
Per Capita Income - 1994 (adj. for inflation)$33,4582993.9 %
Per Capita Income - 1984 (adj. for inflation)$27,6793588.0 %
10-Year % Change-1.0 %49
20-Year % Change16.9 %48
30-Year % Change41.3 %40