States‎ > ‎States‎ > ‎


Florida is a state in the southeast, bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the north by Alabama and Georgia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the south by the Straits of Florida. Florida is the 22nd most extensive, the 3rd most populous, and the 8th most densely populated of the United StatesJacksonville is the most populous city in Florida, and the largest city by area in the contiguous United States. The Miami metropolitan area is the eighth-largest metropolitan area in the United States.Tallahassee is the state capital.

A peninsula between the Gulf of Mexico, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Straits of Florida, it has the longest coastline in the contiguous United States, approximately 1,350 miles (2,170 km), and is the only state that borders both the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean. Much of the state is at or near sea level and is characterized by sedimentary soil. The climate varies from subtropical in the north to tropical in the south. The American alligatorAmerican crocodileFlorida panther, and manatee can be found in the Everglades National Park.

Since the first European contact was made in 1513 by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León – who named it La Florida ("The Flowery") upon landing there in the Easter season, Pascua Florida – Florida was a challenge for the European colonial powers before it gained statehood in the United States in 1845. It was a principal location of the Seminole Wars against the Indians, and racial segregation after the American Civil War.

Today, Florida is distinguished by its large Hispanic community and high population growth, as well as its increasing environmental concerns. Its economy relies mainly on tourism, agriculture, and transportation, which developed in the late 19th century. Florida is also known for its amusement parks, the production of oranges and the Kennedy Space Center.

Florida culture is a reflection of influences and multiple inheritance; Native American, European AmericanHispanic and African American heritages can be found in the architecture and cuisine. Florida has attracted many writers such as Marjorie Kinnan RawlingsErnest Hemingway and Tennessee Williams, and continues to attract celebrities and athletes. It is internationally known for golf, tennis, auto racing and water sports.


Florida Oranges
Universal Studios Orlando theme park

A Great Blue Heron in Everglades National Park

Miami, Florida

Satellite image of the Florida Keys


Population Statistics

Census Counts (April 1)
201018,801,31046.09 %308,745,538
200015,982,37845.68 %281,421,906
199012,938,07145.20 %248,790,925
19809,746,32474.30 %226,545,805
2000 to 2010 % change17.6 %89.7 %
1990 to 2010 % change45.3 %824.1 %
1980 to 2010 % change92.9 %336.3 %

Components of Population Change in 2014NumberRankPercent of U.S.U.S.
Net Domestic Migration138,5462
Net International Migration112,306311.28 %995,944
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)27,465142.01 %1,363,581
Births214,56745.42 %3,957,577
Deaths187,10227.21 %2,593,996

Economy Statistics
Real Gross Domestic Product by State over Time (millions of chained 2009 dollars)Adj. Amount
RankChange Index
(YR 2009=100)
Change 2010 to 201446,11346.380

Per Capita Personal IncomeNumberRankPercent of U.S.
Per Capita Income - 2014$42,6452992.4 %
Per Capita Income - 2004 (adj. for inflation)$42,6762099.3 %
Per Capita Income - 1994 (adj. for inflation)$35,0142198.3 %
Per Capita Income - 1984 (adj. for inflation)$31,2561899.4 %
10-Year % Change-0.1 %48
20-Year % Change21.8 %45
30-Year % Change36.4 %47