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College of William and Mary

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College of William and Mary
File:EG Swem Library.jpg
Williamsburg, VA
Established 1693
Students- 7,892
Undergraduates- 5,850
Postgraduates- 2,042
Endowment- 539.5 million
Mascot- Griffin

The College of William & Mary in Virginia (also known as William & Mary, or W&M) is a public research university located inWilliamsburg, Virginia, United States. Privately founded in 1693 by letters patent issued by King William III and Queen Mary II, it is thesecond-oldest institution of higher education in the United States after Harvard University and the oldest in the American South. William & Mary is considered one of the original "Public Ivies," a term coined by Richard Moll in 1985 for publicly funded universities providing a quality of education claimed to be comparable to that available in the Ivy League.

William & Mary educated U.S. Presidents Thomas JeffersonJames Monroe, and John Tyler as well as other key figures important to the development of the nation, including U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice John MarshallSpeaker of the House Henry Clay, and 16 signers of the Declaration of Independence. W&M founded the Phi Beta Kappa academic honor society in 1776 and was the first school of higher education in the United States to install an honor code of conduct for students. The establishment of graduate programs in law and medicine in 1779 makes it one of the first universities in the United States.

In addition to its undergraduate program (which includes an international joint degree program with the University of St Andrews and a joint engineering program with Columbia University), W&M is home to several graduate and professional schools, including computer science, law, business, public policy, education, marine science and colonial history.