The American South consists of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia. The total area of the region is 919,131 square miles, and its population is 117,647,725, making it the most populated region in the United States. It is divided into three sub-regions: the South Atlantic (Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, Washington, D.C., and West Virginia), East South Central (Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee), and West South Central (Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas). The South is known for its distinct culture, which has distinguished itself from the rest of the country. A popular nickname of the South is Dixie. 

The South is a vast, diverse region, having numerous climatic zones, including temperate, sub-tropical, tropical, and arid. The Appalachian mountains run through Tennessee, Kentucky, Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia, and Maryland. The states which make up the South have long been debated, especially whether Maryland, Delaware, and Kentucky should be considered part of the region. 

The warm climate of the South, which was ideal for growing crops like tobacco, rice, sugarcane, and cotton, attracted British settlers to the coastal parts of the region. Meanwhile, the Spanish and French set up colonies in Texas, Louisiana, and Florida. In the 18th century, large groups of Ulster Scots settled in Appalachia and the Piedmont. The South produced many great founding fathers, such as Virginians George Washington, Patrick Henry, and Thomas Jefferson. The Southern Atlantic Coast states were the setting for many crucial battles of the Revolutionary War, such as the Battle of Camden and the Siege of Yorktown, which was where General Cornwallis surrendered to George Washington, effectively ending the war. The beginning of the 19th century saw the beginning of the dominance of cotton in the lower South, spurred by the invention of the cotton gin. The growing cotton industry required more slave labor, and the institution became even more deeply an integral part of the South's economy. It was in the early 1800s where divisions between the North and the South began to develop, due to different economic philosophies, as well as differing opinions over whether slavery should be permitted in newly admitted states, such as Missouri and Kansas. Worried that slavery would be ended after the election of Abraham Lincoln, seven cotton states (South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas) seceded  from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America. In the following months, four more states (Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina) joined them. The 1861 Battle of Fort Sumter in South Carolina began the Civil War, in which the South would serve as the primary battleground, with the Battles of Gettysburg and Antietam being the only two major battles of the war which did not take place there. The Civil War inflicted great damage on the South, and it would take many years for it to recover from this destruction. The 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments of the US Constitution outlawed slavery, granted full citizenship to African-Americans, and gave African-American males the right to vote, respectively. However, there was much discrimination against African-Americans by the end of the 19th century, with white supremacist organizations, such as the Klu Klux Klan, using brutal violence against them, and Jim Crow Laws racially segregating public facilities. The Southern economy was hit hard by the Great Depression and Dust Bowl, but World War II gave the region new industries and rapid growth. Today, manufacturing is the largest sector of the economy in most Southern states, with telecommunications, technology, banking, and aviation as other expanding industries.

State  Population (2014 est) Area (square miles) Population Density
 Alabama 4,849,377 (23rd) 52,419 (30th) 94/sq mile (27th)
 Arkansas 2,966,369 (32nd) 53,179 (29th) 56/sq mile (34th)
 Delaware 935,614 (45th) 1,982 (49th) 464/sq mile (6th)
 Florida 19,893,297 (3rd) 65,755 (22nd) 353/sq mile (8th)
 Georgia 10,097,343 (10th)59,425 (24th)  165/sq mile (18th)
 Kentucky 4,413,457 (26th) 40,409 (37th) 110/sq mile (22nd)
 Louisiana 4,649,676 (25th) 51,843 (31st)105/sq mile (24th) 
 Maryland 5,976,407 (19th) 12,407 (42nd) 596/sq mile (5th)
 Mississippi 2,994,079 (31st) 48,430 (32nd) 63/sq mile (32nd)
 North Carolina 10,054,192 (9th)53,819 (28th)  212/sq mile (15th)
Oklahoma  3,878,051 (28th) 69,898 (20th)55/sq mile (35th) 
 South Carolina 4,832,482 (24th) 32,020 (40th)155/sq mile (19th) 
 Tennessee 6,549,352 (17th) 42,143 (36th) 154/sq mile (21st)
Texas 27,695,284 (2nd)  268,581 (2nd) 103/sq mile (26th)
 Virginia8,326,289 (12th)  42,774 (35th) 206/sq mile (14th)
West Virginia  1,850,326 (38th) 24,230 (41st)77/sq mile (29th) 

Cities with over 100,000 people
 City Population (2014)City  Population (2014)
 1. Houston, Texas 2,239,558 (4th) 61. McKinney, Texas 156,767 (157th)
 2. San Antonio, Texas 1,436,697 (7th)62. Cary, North Carolina 155,227 (160th) 
 3. Dallas, Texas 1,281,047 (9th)63. Pasadena, Texas 153,887 (163rd) 
 4. Austin, Texas 912,791 (11th)64. Macon, Georgia  153,691 (164th)
 5. Jacksonville, Florida853,382 (12th) 65. Alexandria, Virginia 150,575 (166th) 
 6. Fort Worth, Texas 812,238 (16th) 66. Hollywood, Florida 148,047 (173rd)
 7. Charlotte, North Carolina 809,958 (17th) 67. Clarksville, Tennessee 146,806 (176th)
 8. El Paso, Texas 679,036 (19th)68. Frisco, Texas 145,035 (179th) 
9. Washington, D.C. 658,893 (22nd)  69. Mesquite, Texas 144,416 (180th)
 10. Memphis, Tennessee 656,861 (23rd) 70. Savannah, Georgia144,352 (181st) 
11. Nashville, Tennessee  644,014 (25th)71. McAllen, Texas 138,596 (187th) 
12. Baltimore, Maryland  622,793 (26th) 72. Killeen, Texas 138,154 (188th)
 13. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 620,602 (27th)73. Hampton, Virginia  136,879 (189th)
 14. Louisville, Kentucky 612,780 (30th) 74. Miramar, Florida134,989 (192nd) 
15. Atlanta, Georgia  456,002 (39th) 75. Columbia, South Carolina132,067 (195th) 
 16. Virginia Beach, Virginia 450,980 (40th)76. Waco, Texas  130,194 (199th)
 17. Raleigh, North Carolina 439,896 (43rd) 77. Charleston, South Carolina130,113 (200th) 
 18. Miami, Florida 430,332 (44th) 78. Gainesville, Florida 128,460 (206th)
 19. Tulsa, Oklahoma 399,682 (47th) 79. Carrollton, Texas 128,353 (207th)
20. New Orleans, Louisiana  384,320 (50th) 80. Denton, Texas 128,205 (209th)
 21. Arlington, Texas 383,204 (51st) 81. Midland, Texas128,037 (210th) 
 22. Tampa, Florida 358,699 (53rd) 82. Coral Springs, Florida 127,952 (211th)
 23. Corpus Christi, Texas320,434 (58th)  83. Lafayette, Louisiana 126,066 (216th)
 24. Lexington, Kentucky310,797 (61st)  84. Abilene, Texas 120,958 (221st)
 25. Greensboro, North Carolina 282,586 (67th)85. Murfreesboro, Tennessee 120,954 (222nd) 
26. Plano, Texas  278,480 (70th) 86. Athens, Georgia119,648 (225th) 
 27. Orlando, Florida 262,372 (73rd) 87. Norman, Oklahoma 118,040 (228th)
 28. St. Petersburg, Florida 253,693 (79th) 88. Beaumont, Texas117,585 (230th) 
 29. Laredo, Texas 252,309 (80th) 89. Odessa, Texas114,597 (239th) 
 30. Durham, North Carolina 251,893 (81st) 90. Wilmington, North Carolina113,657 (241st) 
31. Norfolk, Virginia  245,428 (84th) 91. Round Rock, Texas112,744 (244th) 
 32. Lubbock, Texas 243,839 (85th) 92. Miami Gardens, Florida 112,265 (246th)
 33. Winston-Salem, North Carolina239,269 (87th) 93. Clearwater, Florida 110,703 (253rd) 
 34. Hialeah, Florida 235,563 (90th)94. High Point, North Carolina  108,629 (263rd)
 35. Garland, Texas 235,501 (91st) 95. Richardson, Texas108,617 (264th) 
 36. Chesapeake, Virginia 233,371 (92nd)96. North Charleston, South Carolina 106,749 (271st) 
 37. Irving, Texas 232,406 (93rd)97. Pompano Beach, Florida  106,105 (273rd)
 38. Baton Rouge, Louisiana 228,895 (96th)98. Palm Bay, Florida  105,838 (275th)
 39. Richmond, Virginia217,853 (98th)  99. Wichita Falls, Texas105,114 (277th) 
 40. Birmingham, Alabama 212,247 (101st) 100. Broken Arrow, Oklahoma104,726 (280th) 
 41. Fayetteville, North Carolina 203,948 (109th) 101. West Palm Beach, Florida 104,031 (281st)
 42. Columbus, Georgia 200,887 (111th) 102. College Station, Texas 103,483 (282nd)
43. Montgomery, Alabama  200,481 (114th) 103. Pearland, Texas 103,441 (283rd)
 44. Shreveport, Louisiana198,242 (117th)  104. Lewisville, Texas102,889 (287th) 
 45. Little Rock, Arkansas 197,706 (119th)105. Lakeland, Florida 102,346 (290th) 
 46. Amarillo, Texas197,254 (120th)  106. Sandy Springs, Georgia 101,908 (292nd)
 47. Augusta, Georgia 196,741 (121st) 107. Tyler, Texas 101,421 (293rd)
 48. Mobile, Alabama 194,675 (122nd)  
 49. Huntsville, Alabama 188,226 (125th)  
50. Tallahassee, Florida  188,107 (126th)  
 51. Grand Prairie, Texas 185,453 (127th)  
 52. Knoxville, Tennessee 184,281 (129th)  
 53. Brownsville, Texas183,046 (130th)   
 54. Newport News, Virginia 182,965 (132nd)  
 55. Fort Lauderdale, Florida 176,013 (135th)  
56. Port St. Lucie, Florida  174,110 (140th)  
 57. Chattanooga, Tennessee 173,778 (141st)  
 58. Jackson, Mississippi 171,155 (143rd)  
 59. Cape Coral, Florida 169,854 (144th)  
 60. Pembroke Pines, Florida164,626 (150th)   

The oldest university in the South is the College of William & Mary, which was founded in 1693, and educated three presidents-- Thomas Jefferson, James Monroe, and John Tyler. The South has many fine universities, most notably Duke University (North Carolina), University of North Carolina, Vanderbilt University (Tennessee), Georgia Institute of Technology, University of Virginia, Rice University (Texas), and Johns Hopkins University (Maryland).

Culture and Politics
The largest number of people in the south have English ancestry, followed by Irish, African-American, and German. Most of the African-Americans in the South are descendants of slaves brought into the region. The South has large amounts of Baptists, Methodists, and Presbyterians. Together they make up almost 85% of the church-affiliated population of the South. Due to its high concentration of Christians, "Bible Belt" has been used to refer to parts of the region. The South also has a significant Roman Catholic population, especially in cities like Atlanta, Savannah, Mobile, Baltimore, Louisville, and New Orleans, and rural areas of the Gulf Coast. This number has increased in recent years due to the arrival of Hispanics in record numbers. The South Florida area is home to the country's second largest concentration of Jewish people. Southern dialects make up the largest accent group in the United States. While it has often been said that Southerners are most easily distinguished from other Americans by their speech, there is no single "Southern Accent". For example, different dialects of English are spoken in the Appalachian region and the Atlantic Coast region. The South is well-known for its cuisine, whose traditional dishes include fried chicken, cornbread, mashed potatoes, grits, country ham, buttermilk biscuits, hushpuppies, field peas and collared greens. The South is also famous for its pies-- sweet potato, chess, shoofly, pecan, and peach are all traditional Southern pies. Different areas of the South have different specialties. For example, Louisiana is well-known for its Cajuna and Creole cuisine, and Texas has a unique variation of Mexican food known as Tex-Mex. Barbecue is popular throughout the region. Country music, Bluegrass, Blues, Gospel, and Rock n' Roll music are popular throughout the South, where they originated. The South is generally considered a Republican stronghold. However, before the 1960s, the region was dominantly Democratic. Many presidents have come from the South, including Bill Clinton, Jimmy Carter, George W. Bush, and George H.W. Bush recently. 

Football and baseball are very popular in the South. The South has 35 teams from the MLB, NBA, NFL, and NHL

Washington, D.C (4).: Washington Nationals (MLB), Washington Wizards (NBA), Washington Redskins (NFL), Washington Capitals (NHL)
Baltimore (2): Baltimore Orioles (MLB), Baltimore Ravens (NFL)
North Carolina (3): Charlotte Hornets (NBA), Carolina Panthers (NFL), Carolina Hurricanes (NHL)
Atlanta (3): Atlanta Braves (MLB), Atlanta Hawks (NBA), Atlanta Falcons (NFL)
Florida (9): Miami Marlins (MLB), Tampa Bay Rays (MLB), Miami Heat (NBA), Orlando Magic (NBA), Jacksonville Jaguars (NFL), Miami Dolphins (NFL), Tampa Bay Buccaneers (NFL), Florida Panthers (NHL), Tampa Bay Lightning (NHL)
New Orleans (2) : New Orleans Pelicans (NBA), New Orleans Saints (NFL)
Houston (3): Houston Astros (MLB), Houston Rockets (NBA), Houston Texans (NFL)
Dallas-Fort Worth (4): Texas Rangers (MLB), Dallas Mavericks (NBA), Dallas Cowboys (NFL), Dallas Stars (NHL)
San Antonio (1): San Antonio Spurs (NBA)
Oklahoma City (1): Oklahoma City Thunder (NBA)
Nashville and Memphis (3): Memphis Grizzlies (NBA), Tennessee Titans (NFL), Nashville Predators (NHL)

The south has many notable college football teams (Alabama Crimson Tide, Auburn Tigers, LSU Tigers, Texas Longhorns, Florida Gators), and college basketball teams (Kentucky Wildcats, Louisville Cardinals, Florida Gators, Duke Blue Devils, North Carolina Tar Heels).